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Christ's crucifixion Caro Article
  • 1 Sinclair Drake, Black Folk Here and There: An Essay in History and Anthropolgy, Volume One (Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1987), xv.


  • 2 Andre Grabar, Christian Iconography: A Study of its Origins (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1961), 5-7.


  • 3 Paul Gilroy uses the term “racial terror” to identify a collective experience of the physical and psychological effects of racism among African diaspora peoples. Cites this phenomenon as a possible connnon link for a dispersed people. Paul Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1993), 36.


  • 4 According to the Lacy, the tree in the background of the first window in the Crucifixion Cycle depicting Peter's denial of Christ, is supposed to represent the oak tree, which is symbolic of the tree of knowledge as well as the lynching tree. Author's interview with the Jean Lacy, October 6, 1995.


  • 5 Kenneth Burke defines metonym as a reduction from some incorporeal or intangible state to the terms of the corporeal or tangible. See Kenneth Burke, "Four Master Tropes," in Kenneth Burke, A Grammar of Motives, (New York: Prentice Hall, 1952), 503-517.


  • 6 Likewise, in the upper windows of this series, Africa also serves a metonymic function. In this biblical/historical context it stands for the evolving attitudes towards the continent as the location of the racial and/or cultural origins of African Americans.


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